Mahabharat is a Story or History?


19th century European scholars and so many Indian scholars(?) maintain that the events described in Mahabharat are imaginary. Their theory has been that Ramayan, Mahabharat, Vedas, Upanishads and the Puranas were written about 200 years before Buddha, somewhere around 700BC.

Here are some reasons to believe that this is actually a history:

  1. The country is named Bhaarat after the king Bharat (son of Dushyant & Shakuntala). What country would be named after the hero of a novel!
  2. There are too many changes in the Sanskrit language of these texts to occur in 200 years.
  3. European scholars brought the nomadic Aryan tribes, into India after 1500 BC. How could these Aryans create Sanskrit language, gain so much knowledge and write all these texts before 700 BC?
  4. Great Indian thinkers including Lokmanya Tilak, Sri Arbindo, and Dyanand Sarasvati rejected the European theory.
  5. It is absurd to say that these texts are fiction, because of its poetic nature. It was a custom to write everything (even Mathematical formulae) in poetic form.
  6. The time and place of events have been accurately recorded. All such recordings are redudant for a Maha-kavya.
  7. The details of the weapons, and wars are given to a minute detail, which is very boring for a "story".
  8. The texts record some common dynasties, incedents, people and events. No two novels would have the same incedents, same people or same dynasties unless they are recording history.
  9. It is written in the texts from time to time that it is a "History".
  10. A number of dynasties with their long lineage of kings (more than 50 from Manu) have been presented in the work. If it were just fiction, 4-5 kings would have sufficed to build the story on.
  11. Maurya, Gupta and Indo-Greek dynasties, are also recorded in our Puraanas. These dynasties are accepted only because, they are also recorded by Greek historians. What about the dynasties that existed before the Greek historians?


Timeline for Mahabharat:

  1. A tablet found in the Mohenjodaro sites(Not only statue of Krishna, but also of Shiva and Durga were found. This means that the people in the Sarasvati-Sindhu valley considered Krishna & Shiva as their gods. Also the "Arya" Krishna existed before "Aryan Invasion" destroyed the Saraswati valley! Knock! Knock! Anything wrong in the Aryant Invasion Theory?), dated 2600BC, depicts Lord Krishna.
  2. An Egyptian Pyramid, dated 3000 BC, has a verse from the Bhagavad Geeta.
  3. From Vishnu Puraan it is known that the Kali Age started on February 20, 3102 BC. Mahabharat occured, before the end of Dwapar, hence 3102 BC seems to be the lower limit for Mahabharat.
  4. Using the position of planets(During early times, it was not customary to keep a count of years. Panchang & Shaka came into being sometime in the last 5,000 years. Thus, the early Hindus gave the positions of Vernal equinox, Saptarshi & the planets to define exact time. This evidence from Ramayan and Mahabharat has been used to calculate the times for the events.) mentioned in Mahabharat, dates have been calculated for the great war. The great Aryabhatta calculated 3100 BC. Dr. Patnaik calculated October 16, 3138 BC. Dr. P.V. Vartak proves this date to be October 16, 5561 B.C.
At this point we can say that Mahabharat war occured latest in 3102 BC and earliest in 5561 BC. Considering this baseline for Mahabharat we calculate back in time ...

Between Rama and Krishna there were about 60 kings. Say, each king ruled for about 35 years. (The history of India from 300 BC to 1700 AD, shows each king ruled for 40-45 years). So even after assuming a lower range of 35 years, one can say that Rama existed atleast 2000 years before Krishna. So Rama existed latest in 5100 BC and earliest in 7500 BC. (Dr. P. V. Vartak has calculated the birth date of Rama as 4th Dec 7323 BC.)

Dushyant's contemporary Anaranya was Rama's 40th ancestor. Thus Dushyant, must have existed @1200 years before Rama. That gives the time frame of 6300 BC - 8800 BC for Dushyant and his contemporaries: Parshuram, Vishwamitra, Vasishta and Bharat.

Anaranya, was the 62nd decendant of Manu. Thus Manu existed atleast 2000 years before Dushyant. So, Manu must have existed sometime between 8300 BC and 10,800 BC.


and Your opinions are welcome.

5 comments:

  1. Born in 1168, Prithviraj Chauhan became king in 1179 when he was just a minor. He inherited the throne from his father Someshwar Chauhan belonging to Rajput dynasty.His mother was Karupuravalli.He was extraordinarily strong and was a great warrior.His chest, it is said, was twice the size of his waist.He captured Delhi defeating Raja Tomaro Rajput.Qila Rai Pithora in Delhi was constructed during his time.His empire extended to Haryana, Rajasthan,Madhya Pradesh,Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat.On his love with Sanyokta, daughter of Raja Jai Chand of Kannauj, there are varying accounts.Some of the historians hold a view that both had never seen each other till swayambar as organised by Raja Jai Chand took place when Prithviraj picked her up on the back of his horse.Sanyokta readily joined him as she already had heard so many great stories of his chivalary and valour falling in love with him. The other version is that both of them were already in love with each other for a long time and used to meet secretly during royal festivities and in temples. But both the accounts are common on one point that Sanyokta’s father Jai Chand was never for marrying his daughter with Prithviraj who had to hide himself near the venue of Swayambar and was able to manage her elopement with him on his horse back. He was chased by Jai Chand’s soldiers but none could touch him and he moved forward in a flying speed to his daestination with halt at Jaipur staying at Amer Fort for the first honey moon night. Chandra Bardai has given a detailed narration of glory and grandeur of Prithviraj most appealingly describing about love between him and Sanyokta.All historians are common in view on the point that Prithviraj Chauhan was the greatest Hindu King in North India during his time.Many an invaders from other countries were defeated by him -last one being Mohd.Gori. Mohd.Gori was defeated by Prithviraj Chauhan number of times and every time he had to surrender but Prithviraj Chauhan was kind enough to spare him life.At a stage later Mohd.Gori could manage upper hand and took Prithviraj and his court poet Chandrabardai Bhatt into captivity blinding both of them in both their eyes callously.phosa

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  2. but someshwar married to karpurdevi a kalchuri princess not with the daughter of anangpal tomer. what is this confusion gaurav ?

    b.l. attri
    itihaas.attri

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    Prof. Harwinder Karwal

    As I am having Karwal surname (Gotra), there is also Karwal Tomar the 16th monarch of Tomars. What does it mean? Please guide!

    Regards

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